Areas of Concern


  • Lake Okeechobee’s Discharges

The volume being discharged from the lake is of great concern. The inundation of fresh water into brackish water ecosystems destroys the base level organisms of the food chain creating conditions for the formation of blue/green algae.

  • Mid/North Indian River Lagoon Fish kills

Caused by brown tide, a specific algae that produces a mucus which clogs up shellfish and the oxygen demand from the algae at night

  • Oyster availability in Apalachicola

There has been a steady decline in oysters available for consumption due to drought and dams, limiting fresh water in oyster areas. The state of Florida recently lost its case against Georgia that forced a certain amount of water from the Apalachicola River.

  • Aquifer Depletion/Destabilization

Florida’s natural water cleaner is losing its capability to supply all residents with clean water due to salt water intrusion, high volume consumption permits – examples are bottled water, pulp mills, agriculture, and less recharge areas due to development.

  • Spring depletion

There has been a steady depletion in the springs ecosystems due to a reduction in the aquifer supplies.

  • Salt Water Intrusion

Salt water back up through storm water and waste water systems is most prominent in Miami, however Tampa and Jacksonville are catching up, as do other coastal cities
Underground exits from the aquifer create a threshold between saltwater and freshwater deep within the limestone. Those thresholds are being pushed back.

  • Water Shortages for Human Use

Potable water – Current ground water supplies are estimated to be depleted at the current rate of consumption, somewhere between 2030-2040.

  • Reef destruction

Reefs provide habitat for species that clean up pollution in the sea, the destruction of reefs has a double edge sword on water pollution
Stormwater run off and design ends with the water ultimately flowing over our endangered reef systems.

  • High Nitrogen/Nutrient and Pollution in all areas.

Septic tanks, agricultural run-off and residential and storm water run-off from both industries and citizens high use of phosphates leads to increase algae that prefer a toxic environment.